16 June 2010

In Arabic

In the Qur'an, the word ʿarab does not appear, only the nisba adjective, ʿarabiyyun: The Qur'an is referring to itself as ʿarabiyyun "Arabic" and mubinun "clear". 
al-´a`rābu ´ašaddu kufran wa-nifāqan "the Bedouin are the worst in disbelief and hypocrisy".
Based on this, in early Islamic terminology, ʿarab referred to sedentary Arabs, living in cities such as Mecca and Medina, and ʾaʿrāb referred to the Arab Bedouins, carrying a negative connotation due to the Qur'anic verdict just cited. Following the Islamic conquest of the 8th century, however, the language of the nomadic Arabs came to be regarded as preserving the highest purity by the grammarians following Abi Ishaq, and the term kalam al-ʿArab "language of the Arabs" came to denote the uncontaminated language of the Bedouins.
Cf. the modern toponyms Algarve and Arava

 See Also: 

The History of Cordoba, Spain. 

The Similarities of Spanish and Arabic Languages.  

Ancient Arabic Texts at www.sacred-texts.com

The Etymology of Europe

The Etymology of Europe:

This entry on the name Europe is not exactly poetic.The prefix eu- often means "well" or "good".

I believe the word to originate from the following words to roughly translate Europe as: Triumphal intuitive ethical densely populated epicenter of wealth; not in any way to be confused with Arabia.

Main Entry: 1eu·re·ka 
Pronunciation: \y-ˈrē-kə\
Function: interjection
Etymology: Greek heurēka I have found, from heuriskein to find; from the exclamation attributed to Archimedes on discovering a method for determining the purity of gold — more at heuristic
Date: 1603

—used to express triumph on a discovery

Main Entry: 1heu·ris·tic 
Pronunciation: \hy-ˈris-tik\
Function: adjective
Etymology: German heuristisch, from New Latin heuristicus, from Greek heuriskein to discover; akin to Old Irish fo-fúair he found
Date: 1821
: involving or serving as an aid to learning, discovery, or problem-solving by experimental and especially trial-and-error methods ; also : of or relating to exploratory problem-solving techniques that utilize self-educating techniques (as the evaluation of feedback) to improve performance
heu·ris·ti·cal·ly  \-ti-k(ə-)lē\ adverb

Main Entry: opus 
Pronunciation: \ˈō-pəs\
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural op·era   \ˈō-pə-rə, ˈä-\ also opus·es  \ˈō-pə-səz\
Etymology: Latin oper-, opus — more at operate
Date: 1809
: work; especially : a musical composition or set of compositions usually numbered in the order of its issue

Main Entry: pop·u·lous 
Pronunciation: \ˈpä-pyə-ləs\
Function: adjective
Etymology: Middle English, from Latin populosus, from populus people
Date: 15th century
1 a : densely populated b : having a large population
2 a : numerous b : filled to capacity
pop·u·lous·ly adverb
pop·u·lous·ness noun

Main Entry: op·u·lent
Pronunciation: \-lənt\
Function: adjective
Etymology: Latin opulentus, from ops power, help; akin to Latin opus work
Date: 1523
: exhibiting or characterized by opulence: as a : having a large estate or property : wealthy b : amply or plentifully provided or fashioned often to the point of ostentation
synonyms see rich
op·u·lent·ly adverb


In ancient Greek mythology, Europa was a Phoenician princess whom Zeus abducted after assuming the form of a dazzling white bull. He took her to the island of Crete where she gave birth to Minos, Rhadamanthus and Sarpedon. For Homer, Europe (Greek: Εὐρώπη, Eurṓpē; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was a mythological queen of Crete, not a geographical designation. Later, Europa stood for central-north Greece, and by 500 BC its meaning had been extended to the lands to the north.

The name of Europa is of uncertain etymology.[19] One theory suggests that it is derived from the Greek roots meaning broad (eur-) and eye (op-, opt-), hence Eurṓpē, "wide-gazing", "broad of aspect" (compare with glaukōpis (grey-eyed) Athena or boōpis (ox-eyed) Hera). Broad has been an epithet of Earth itself in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European religion.[20] Another theory suggests that it is actually based on a Semitic word such as the Akkadian erebu meaning "to go down, set" (cf. Occident),[21] cognate to Phoenician 'ereb "evening; west" and Arabic Maghreb, Hebrew ma'ariv (see also Erebus, PIE *h1regʷos, "darkness"). However, M. L. West states that "phonologically, the match between Europa's name and any form of the Semitic word is very poor".[22]

Most major world languages use words derived from "Europa" to refer to the continent. Chinese, for example, uses the word Ōuzhōu (歐洲), which is an abbreviation of the translitreated name Ōuluóbā zhōu (歐羅巴洲); however, in some Turkic languages the name Frengistan (land of the Franks) is used casually in referring to much of Europe, besides official names such as Avrupa or Evropa.[23]


The Etymology of Utah

updated 15 Jan, 2012 -below

Where did Utah get it's name?

Some may say the name is derived from the name of a Tribe of Natives that occupied the area, the Utes meaning "people of the mountains".

I found that [ ūtan ] is an old English preposition meaning [ without, outside of ] and is related to [ modern German außen, außer and Swedish utan ]. If you're American, this might translate into 'out there'.

At the time of Utah's discovery by European settlers, mainly Caucasian, (e.g. German, Swedish), there may have been a more obvious loss in translation. They may have discovered the open and barren salt flats and the salt lake, and just stated that there were no one there worth mentioning, when they reached the mountains and rivers and began their colony. A land outside of the known world, without European/Norse settlers.

Utan discovered at : (Circa 2010 C.E.)

Utah State Government for many years has stated that the proper terminology of a citizen of Utah, is Utahn.

15 Jan, 2012

reading the oxford dictionary i found:
wild man of the woods, orang-utan, a Malay word.

if utan means woods it adds to Asiatic migratory theory that their language caried and applied to Utah tribal nomenclature, yet again meaning, out-there.